Fabrics made from natural or man-made materials must go through a series of processes. The use of chemicals in the manufacture of textiles is quite common.
Textile chemicals are designed to act in certain ways to change the texture, color, or cluster of threads. In fact, the journey from the chaos of wool to beautiful fabrics is possible because of textile chemicals.
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Statistically, chemicals contribute around 27 percent of the weight of the fabric being processed. Very few industries use chemicals in large proportions such as the textile industry. Environmentalists warn about this because some chemicals are not entirely safe.
Many people are amazed by the very high use of chemicals in the textile industry. There are fundamental reasons behind it. Technically, fabric processing is called 'wet processing' where fluid plays an important role in the whole process.
There are processes such as soaking, ripe, and coloring where chemicals have an important role. This is a complex sequence of processes in which one process depends on the other.
Textile chemicals act as wetting agents, dispersing agents, surfactants, stabilizers, and emulsifiers during various stages of production. It is important to maintain a balanced pH level during production because it affects the strength and luster of the fabric. Therefore, there are binding and yeast substances, and pH regulating chemicals are used.